Is Your Foundation At Risk Of Cracking?
A cracked foundation slab is an expensive repair in any building, so avoiding this problem is a good priority to have. To that end, it's a good idea to understand what could cause your foundation to crack. There are a lot of different ways this can happen, but they do fall into a few categories.
Improper Water Drainage
Possibly the easiest item on this list to mitigate is water damage. This just requires proper household maintenance to prevent. Water is a powerful force that can erode just about anything. If you don't believe in the power of water to damage foundations, just go to somewhere where a canyon has been carved by a river. Water flowing near your home has the same effect on a smaller scale. If you live somewhere with freezing temperatures, this effect is increased since water expands as it freezes. By keeping your gutters and drain tile in good condition you avoid this type of damage.
Unfortunately, if the slab was incorrectly poured, there is little you can do to change that. However, if you know this is the case, you can take steps to prevent damage that are less expensive than replacement. What poor structural decisions mean depends on the type of foundation you have. It could be that the piles that hold the foundation in place weren't dug deep enough so the whole thing is shifting. It could mean the wrong type of concrete was used or that construction continued before the concrete was fully cured.
Weight Shifting Near the Building
Even if the foundation is solid, it is still subject to the forces that act on it from the surrounding area. In particular, a large shift in weight in a way the slab wasn't designed to handle can cause serious damage. This could be something as simple as large vehicles driving or parking near the foundation. This is why you should always be careful when you are doing major landscaping work around your home. Adding or removing large amounts of soil in the area can have a similar effect. This could be because you decided to build up the earth around your home, or it could be because of further construction.
While you can't go back in time and change how the slab was poured in the first place, you can take steps to prevent other types of damage. Even in the case that the foundation was improperly installed, the sooner you correct the problem, the less expensive that repair will be. Contact a foundation repairs company such as Solid Foundation for more information.